NETWORK FOR DEMOCRACY AND STATE OF RULES OF LAW
WITH THE INITIATIVE OF THE COMMITTEE OF NATIONWIDE RECONCILIATION
FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF
POLITICO-SOCIAL SITUATION, BREAKAGE OF MONOPOLY AND PRECIPITATION OF
Tirana on June 21 2004
President of Republic of Albania
Chairman of Albanian Parliament
Prime Minister of Republic of Albania
Political Parties, Media and NGO-s
Council of Europe
USA State Department
THE NETWORK FOR DEMOCRACY AND STATE OF RULES OF LAW
THAT IN ALBANIA:
The democracy is fragile and the legal state does not function.
In these 14 years, the political class has not shown any ability and
was not able to preserve the values of the Albanian tradition for the
order in community and state formation. Albanian people, even if it
is presented with dignity in front of civilized nations until the beginning
of the post communist transition, today, it is valued as an unacceptable
nation in the European Union.
The institutions of the Albanian state do not have authority over the
people; the law and the constitution are deprecated by the maltreatment
of the politics and administrators, in opposition with the society’s
The political class approves laws according to the international standards;
however it neither applies nor implements them in society.
The restoration of the Kanun’s tradition for putting order in
community and the blood feud custom is the reaction of a society, which
is unprotected and abandoned by the state.
The crime is turned into system since the creation of the pyramidal
firms during 1994-1996, violation with weapons of the institutions in
1997, weapon and radioactive elements trafficking in 1998-1999 and continues
nowadays with the narcotics trafficking, contraband, corruption, lack
of transparency, and reduction of the informative services and legal
structures under the control of the party’s leadership.
The initiators of the creation of the pyramidal firms, organizers of
the terror and violence toward people and state in the tragic events
of 1997 and the political backstage after these events still remain
in hiding from the Albanian people.
The laws trafficking among the parliamentary groups for the misappropriation
of the public and private property, creation of the monopolies in the
market and the restriction of the medias’ and civil society’s
liberty is an index that this political class cannot cut the connections
that it has with the organized crime.
The political ruling groups have continuously violated the electoral
law by attaining power on the vote. It is very difficult for every Albanian
citizen to think that he/she can contribute or be part of the resolving
of the problems with his/her vote or attitude.
The development of democracy, social reforms and the political life
are under negative influence of a minority, which is empowered by illegal
means. This ruling class has continuously generated the incitement of
social conflicts, the psychology of murder, hate and the historical
divisions, for holding the political monopoly.
The economical-social situation is getting worse.
The Albanians’ life and economy is in the level of the poorest
countries of the world and is mainly hold by the efforts of hundred
thousands emigrants, that in these 14 years have worked with the hope
that they will come back soon for investment in their country.
The reforms, economy, production of the country and tourism have been
obstructed by the political usurping clans and the war without principles
between them. The property law continues to cause bloodshed. The country
is abandoned and destroyed; there is lack of electricity, water and
communication. The violence and murders have gained ground even within
During these years, approximately 8 billion dollars, collected from
Albanian taxpayers and 1.5 billion dollars given by the international
donors, have served more to the corruption and organized crime than
the development of the country.
The population suffers under the stress of extreme poverty, lack of
most elementary services and life security. The majority of the citizens
has lost the hopes for the futures and is living in a slothful, sluggish
and apathetic way. The unemployment has reached the highest rates in
the East countries. Many young people have chosen the way of crime;
thousand girls are obligated to work on the streets of Europe as prostitutes,
because they cannot find any way out.
The governments, in stead of encouraging, have obstructed the development
of the market and productive activities of the country. The forests,
productive lands and the agricultural infrastructure have been destroyed.
The market politics favor the import merchandises which guarantee neither
the quality nor the security of citizens’ health and life.
The politics obstructs and aims to have control over the civil society
For over a year by now, the Albanian civil society is trying to raise
the public awareness and culture about protesting, as a very important
factor to democracy. The public opinion is now supporting new forms
of protests led by the civil society. However, these peaceful and civil
protests, the civil society and the media that have supported them,
are facing a strong political pressure, with accuses, threats and pressure
in media and denigration of protagonists.
We consider the pressure, provocations and threatening towards the civil
society, for giving up the protest against the decisions of the government
and acts of the political class, as a flagrant violation of universal
human rights, the constitution and laws in force, and segregation against
This pressure is the continuity of the strategy of the political clans,
implicated with the crime in these 14 years that aim to hold the monopoly
and obstruct every current that might bring the development of the reforming
processes and any new politico-social movement. The war for maintaining
the monopoly has continuously brought the manipulation of the polls
and deprecation of the electoral process.
The country, during these 14 years, is lead by two parties, which although
at the beginning were supported by the majority of the electorate, currently,
together with all the other parties falling within the same political
spectrum, are not supported by more than 35% of the voters. After 14
years of transition, 65% of the population does not participate in the
voting process. The population is not represented by 70% of parliamentary
members – this percentage of the Albania population is represented
neither in the decision-making process nor in its governing.
The positive values found amongst some individuals within the current
politician class are not negated, however the political class as a whole
has entered an abyss that is bringing to this country continuous crises,
corruption, organized crime, regress and tragedy. The majority of militants
that are employed in the administration consider the office as a profitable
mean. For this reason 25,000 girls and boys, graduated with very high
results from university, are waiting to emigrate abroad, because they
are offered neither political auditoriums nor positions within the state
The media although having marked some progress in variety and professionalism,
are under the control of politics - as a result they have failed to
move the society forward. The Albanian intelligence, affirmed for its
high level in the world, continues to emigrate unappreciated, deluded
and without any way out.
Existing political parties are showing an interest in compromising trade
union movements and civil society initiatives, by polarizing, eclipsing,
dividing and making their activity inefficient. In a demagogic way the
actual political leadership has uses the women and youth forums as “décor”
in these parties, in order to justify their presence in politics and
decision making processes, and for the ruling of the actual leadership.
Unfortunately, the international community has not analyzed with objectivity
the Albanian political parties, which do not have a mission, are not
led by democratic principles or reform themselves. The democracy and
reforms required by the international community are caught on a crossroad.
Albanians have received the message that only after year 2025 they can
join the European Union. This message makes it clear that accelerating
our movement towards Europe means accelerating the reformation process
– and, on the first place, this requires the reformation of the
political class with new people, new visions and a true political mission.
IN CONSIDERATIONS THE FOREGOING ISSUES:
The Network for Democracy and State of Rules of Law is addressing to:
President of the Republic, Chairman of the Albanian Parliament, Prime
Minister of Republic of Albania, chairpersons of the religious beliefs,
OSCE, European public opinion, governments of European Union member
countries, USA State Department and the nationwide public opinion to
contribute and exercise the necessary authority with the view to bring
to an end the current situation. After the civil unrest of 1997, the
Albanian population continues to be traumatized and has no faith in
politics. Without the help of these interior and exterior positive factors,
the situation can not be transformed.
The foundation of a social wide movement for a new Albanian political
class, which is not implicated with the crime and manners of the actual
contingent; and with a clear program about the reforms and integration,
by individuals or groups of citizens, especially young people and intellectuals,
is necessary and precious for the country.
The Network for Democracy and State of Rules of Law invites intellectuals
and young people of civil society, private and state institutions, medias
and businesses staffs, auditors of the political parties and governing
departments to take with courage the initiative for the foundation of
this factor, by taking political responsibility for the country.
The Network for Democracy and State of Rules
of Law claims to the Albanian Parliament and President of Republic of
1- The reformulation of the Electoral Code
for the security of democracy, guaranteeing the inviolability of the
vote, participation of all citizens in the polls, not based on the agreements
of the two big parties, but on the qualified thoughts of the specialists
and civil society.
2- The revision of the law about the political parties for not permitting
the phenomenon Party-State appear and for establishing democratic relationships
between the parties and civil society, which is in interest of the broadening
of consolidation of democracy
3- The revision of law about the chastity of the personality of the
politician and declaration of wealth so that, apart the special commission,
this activity is object of the State Informative Service.
4- State Informative Service should be under the subordination of President
of Republic of Albania.
5- The establishment of a National Commission for the investigations
of the connections of crime with politics, for tracking the organizers
of the violation of the state institution, murders and terror on the
population, during the events of 1997, and the implication of the political
class with all this.
FOR DEMOCRACY AND STATE OF RULES OF LAW
Committee of Nationwide Reconciliation: Gjin MARKU (Chairman)
2- Young Europeans for Security (YES Albania): Kastriot NOLI (Executive
3- Forum of Woman in Business: Eva POJANI (President)
4- Association of Ambientalist Doctors: Prof. As. Gëzim BOÇARI
5- National Institute for Integration of Albanian Orphans: Ilir ÇUMANI
6- Prof, As Yllka Selimi Institute of Folk
7- Dr. Eriketa Kambo Institute of History
Address: St. "Maliq Muça", P.46, Ap.23; Tel/Fax:
Tel: 003554259124 Mobile: 00 355 68 27 37 989;
E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org ;
Web: www.pajtimi.com www.reconciliation-al.com